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In sum, we do see a definite shift from the insignificance of collective incapacitation, to a more selective approach. In all, we are still left with the same questions, does it work?

And, at what cost? Do these lengthier punishments for particular crimes have an effect by selectively incapacitating hardened criminals?

Are there other methods that seem the same or are more effective than the ones already in practice? This takes us to the last of the four main punishment ideologies, rehabilitation. Skip to content Increase Font Size.

Recidivism, Incapacitation, and Criminal Sentencing Policy

Incapacitation Rooted in the concepts of banishing individuals from society, incapacitation is the removal of an individual from society , for a set amount of time, so as they cannot commit crimes in society for an amount of time in the future. JPG In the s, punishment became much more of a political topic in the United States, and this is one of the issues that started this section, our perceptions of the fear of crime.

Blokland, A. J Selectively incapacitating frequent offenders: Costs and benefits of various penal scenarios. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 23 : That is, through predicting and segregating high rate offenders, the goals of crime reduction and more efficient use of prison space can be realized.

Section 2.5: Theories of Punishment

The Greenwood scale has been proposed as a device that can accurately predict which offenders are likely to be high rate offenders. Before such scales can be implemented for policy purposes, though, it is imperative that the scale items used do not discriminate unfairly between blacks and whites, men and women, rich and poor.

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This article examines the impact of such a scale on sentencing recommendations for each of these groups. The findings indicate that disadvantaged groups in society blacks, women, and the poor are more likely to receive higher Greenwood scale scores, and thus designation as high rate offenders, even when controls for prior offenses are included.

Incapacitation (penology)

The implications of this and related findings are discussed for the use of such predictive devices in criminal justice. Selective incapacitation : A note on its impact on minorities. N2 - Selective incapacitation has been proposed as a more judicious use of corrections.

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AB - Selective incapacitation has been proposed as a more judicious use of corrections. Browse All Figures Return to Figure. Previous Figure Next Figure.

Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) - Confining Felons - Incapacitation as a Sentencing Strategy

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